Graves' Disease Causes Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disease that leads to a generalized overactivity of the thyroid gland. It is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism and is named after an Irish Physician, Robert J. Graves MD, circa 1830s. He first described this form of hyperthyroidism. It is 7-8 times more common in women than men. Graves' disease occurs when your own … [Read more...] about What is Graves’ Disease and How is it Treated?