The Importance of Regulating Thyroid Function
The thyroid gland is small gland that weighs less than 50 grams in most adults. It is located towards the front of the neck. Although small, it plays a large role in producing hormones that every cell in your body relies on for the proper conversion of calories and oxygen to energy. In other words, metabolism regulation is dependent on the condition of your thyroid gland.
Irregular functioning of the thyroid gland can lead to a number of health problems including:
- Graves’ disease
- Hashimoto’s disease
When the thyroid gland is healthy, it will have a butterfly shape. However, when thyroid gland disorders such as a goitre occurs, the shape and function of the gland can change significantly. In addition, a number of thyroid disorder symptoms can begin to develop.
For instance, a patient with Graves’ disease will develop an overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism). This person may develop symptoms such as anxiety, fatigue, double vision, weight loss, insomnia, nervousness, inability to concentrate, muscle weakness, frequent bowel movements, eyeballs that stick out, an intolerance to heat, a goitre, an irregular heartbeat such as atrial fibrillation, and other symptoms.
Many patients are able to undergo nonsurgical methods in order to effectively treat their thyroid problem. ENT specialists will be able to provide a thorough exam and initiate an appropriate treatment plan that is customized for each individual patient. In some cases, thyroidectomy surgery is required. An ENT doctor will first take all appropriate measures to treat the problem using nonsurgical methods. However, if the patient does not respond to these treatments or the condition is already in the advanced stages, then a thyroidectomy may be necessary. After this type of thyroid surgery, it is important that the patient stays on thyroid hormone replacement medication to maintain proper hormone production.
If you have questions about the symptoms associated with thyroid nodules contact your local doctor, who will arrange for you to see a thyroid surgeon.